South Georgia by Beau

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

South Georgia

5th December 1914,

I have been at South Georgia for a month now and I have taken good number photos of the whaling station called Grytviken and it is not a very pleasant sight. The place stinks; it smells of whale’s blubber being boiled for the oil that makes our lamps at home. The harpoon that catches the whale was attached to the boat, and the number of boats was extraordinary.

I have climbed the highest peak (Mt Paget at an altitude of 9000 feet) and I have taken several pictures of Grytviken harbour from its summit and it is amazing, I didn’t think the harbour would look as good as I thought it would be.

I love this expedition so far because I love seeing wildlife such as elephant seals, whales and penguins. I saw a waddle of penguins all racing after me but eventually they got tired and went into the sea which is called a raft of penguins in the water.

The dogs had their first walk today and Smiler loved the walk the most as he kept barking and jumping on the other dogs, also I am feeling good because the dogs smell like fresh honey because of the whales stench. Notwithstanding this island smells of guts, it is very beautiful.

I am going to have to stop writing now because, I need to clean the dog cages out and play with Sue and Smiler but I will continue tomorrow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leaving Buenos Aires by Mr Wild

Posted in Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

26th October 1914:

Today has been an extraordinary day; a historic day that will be indelibly etched in my mind for eternity.

The Endurance, and its twenty-seven strong crew of Britain’s finest, departed Buenos Aires early this morning on the first leg of our expedition to the last outpost of civilisation – South Georgia. Our sturdy little boat, freshly painted and beautifully turned out, left the port under steam accompanied by a throng of jubilant well-wishers. The Argentine navy’s silver band played a rousing military tune, and as we untied, the Endurance sounded her horn which made the dogs on-board break out in a cacophony of riotous barking; there was nothing we could do to quiet them until the sound of cheering and music diminished as we ventured further from South America’s shores.

All is quiet now – thank goodness; the dogs howling has ceased (most are asleep) and all the men are hard at work about their chores. Hurley, our ship’s photographer, is very excitable. One moment he can be seen shimmying up the mast with his moving picture camera in hand, and the next moment he can be seen edging out onto the bowsprit, filming porpoises as they ride our magnificent bow-wave, whooping with joy like an over-excited schoolboy. Worsley is doing a fine job; the men all admire him and I am confident I have chosen a solid captain.

It is a fine afternoon for sailing. A favourable southerly wind fills the Endurance’s sails and we are making a good 7 knots progress in a south easterly direction. At this rate we should reach South Georgia in 7 or 8 days God willing.

Skellig Movie By Mason

Posted in Writing we do at school

Please read my writing to the end.

A film review of Skellig

The main Characters

Tim Roth played Skellig, Bill Milner was Michel and Skye Bennett played Mina. Michel has a baby sister called Grace.

Recommend

I recommend it for 9- 14 years olds.

Rating

I would rate the film 4/5. This film rating is a PG.

Author

It was written by David Almond.

About the story

Skellig is a man who waited in a garage to die and then Michel helped him to get stronger and stronger and also Mina helped Michel to help Skellig get stronger and stronger. Then Michael‘s sister went into hospital  to have an operation on her heart so Michel went to Skellig  to ask him to help his baby sister but he said  “no I won’t help  your  baby  sister”. Michel was so sad that Skellig wouldn’t’t help his baby sister.

 

My Skellig Film Review by Bertie

Posted in Writing we do at school

Skellig – A Film Review

Skellig, is a book for kids by David Almond. It is a great story it’s about a boy called Michael who meets a man in a shed. When Michael first saw him Skellig said go away then after a while they made a bond friendship and they helped each other …

 

  • Personally I think the rating should be 9-12 because there is some mild language.
  • I would rate it 5/5 because it is funny and it can be scary.
  • The main characters are Michael (Bill Milner), Skellig (Tim Roth), the Mum (Kelly MacDonald), the Dad (John Simm) and Mina (Skye Bennett).

Skellig Film Review by Beau

Posted in Writing we do at school

Skellig

Who should watch this film? The film rating is a PG (Parental Guidance) but I would rate it for 9-14yrs, as it has mild language, violence and some scary scenes.

Rating: I would rate this film a 4/5.

Main Characters: Michael, Mina and Skellig.

Actors: Alexander Armstrong, Bill Milner, Kelly MacDonald, Tim Roth, Eros Vlahos, John Simm, Edna Dore, Navin Chowdhry, Tameka Empson and Keiron Self.

Plot: The film Skellig is about a young boy called Michael whose mum is pregnant, but when the baby is born she is very ill. While Michael finds something strange in his garage, he finds a friend called Mina and they discover the truth  about this angel like, human like and bird like ‘being’. While dad is working on the house, mum is always at hospital and Michael continues going to school, but he is worrying about the baby and is wondering about the strange ‘being’ in the shed. Will the baby stay alive?

Recommended: I would strongly recommend the film as it is a great film, but I advise you read the book before because it won’t be as exciting if you don’t read the book. If I had to decide which was best – film or book – it would be hard. I would say it was a tie because the book has things that I love that the movie hasn’t, but the movie has some amazing bits that the book doesn’t have but, if I had to decide I would probably choose the movie because I like the storyline a bit better than the book but the book is and the movie is a must read and watch.

Skellig-a film review by Josh

Posted in Writing we do at school

Skellig

The film is about a boy, Michael, who has to move house and his mum is pregnant. He finds an old man who is waiting to die living in Michael’s garden shed. His baby sister is born prematurely so she has to keep going in to the hospital. He meets a girl called Mina who doesn’t go to school but is taught by her mum. After a while Michael shows Mina Skellig. Michael’s dad found out that Skellig was in the shed so he burns it and Michael has to help Skellig escape. Mina helps Michael take Skellig to an abandoned tower.

This story is about love, friendship, healing and understanding.

I would recommend it for children 9 and above [PG].

I feel like the rating should be for 8 – 10 year olds because at the end we didn’t get to see Skellig fly off and there was some bad language.

Emperor Penguins by Dan

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Emperor penguin live in a continent called Antarctica which has one of the harshest winters on Earth, they can survive up to -60c and they huddle to create warmth.

Emperor penguins eat krill, fish, squid and plankton and they can hold their breath for 15 minutes. The male does not eat for 112 days in if the male or female dies then the juvenile will die. Adults do anything to save the juvenile even if they have to survive with no food.

Penguins can be as tall as 1m22cm tall and that is the average size of an average 6-7 year old child, they can also weigh up to 25-45 kg. They have a yellow ring around their neck and head and they have white on their front and black on their head. But juveniles have a grey front with a black back and they have a black and white face. .

Emperor penguins have a very complicated lifecycle: they start off walking to the breeding ground where they have been born for centuries; the breeding ground is 70 miles from where they are. After walking all the way to the breeding ground they find a mate they will mate with the same female as before they do that by making a sound that they identify which is incredible. Now they will make a juvenile (a chick penguin) and they will keep their egg on-top of their feet. At this point the female will go to get food while the male protects the egg. Once the juvenile is born the male will regurgitate food in his beak that he has been saving for this moment. When the baby is fully grown the female will come back with food for the baby. For a long time now the male will go to get food while the female takes care of the juvenile, the male will stay there, and when the juvenile gets older then the female will go to the male while they leave the Juvenile alone. The juvenile will get older and travel to the sea and live in the sea for a while before it gets colder and the whole process will start over.

They have adapted to lots of things including belly skating, huddling, and surviving the cold and a few more. They use belly skating when they are tired and they use their sharp claws to pull them through the ice. They huddle when they are cold and they will huddle in a ball and the people in the middle will go to the outside and the people on the outside will go in the middle because the middle is the warmest in the huddle. They can survive the cold with their feathers. They have also adapted to going 600m down in the water and swimming 3.1m a second!

Emperor penguins have a few threats and predators their biggest threat is global warming and their predators are the leopard seal, giant petrel and Antarctic skua.

Written by Dan with some help from Beau with typing, grammar and spelling.

Non-chronological Penguin Report by Bertie

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Introduction:

Emperor Penguins have lived in the Antarctica for millions of years with a impossible life cycle.

Habitat:

These birds live in the rugged Antarctica wijch the winds con be 100mph and the tempter can be -80 degrees.

Appearance:

They have black bodies with a white front and can grow up to 1.2 metres in height. However juveniles have grey bodies and a black and white head.

Reproduction/life cycle:

Every time they breed they go to solid rock so the juvenile won’t  fall through the ice into the water. And if the snow and ice will not last till summer they will not breed.

Adaptations:

These birds have adapted to the harsh Antarctic. It took millions of years to adapt. Even though they are birds there wings have evolved into flippers to help their torpedo like bodies through the water. Emperor penguins walk for miles to the breeding ground. When there tired they will slide on their bellies.

Threats to survival/predators:

These birds have few predators such as the giant peral and the leopard seal. The leopard seal  is 11.5 ft and have jagged teeth to eat the adult . The giant pearl has sharp claws to injure the juvenile so it can take it away .

There are 600,000 emperor penguins in Antarctica scientists’ reckon they will become In danged by 2100 because of global warming.

 

 

EMPEROR PENGUINS by Lilah

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Emperor penguins are the largest of the seventeen types of penguin species and live in the Antarctica continent all year round.

They travel all the ways to their home where they were born. The adult (and soon when born, juvenile penguins) live  in the coldest and windiest place on Earth. The winds can blow up to 100 mile winds and temperature can plummet up to -60c.

These flightless birds can be recognised by:  their yellow, orange breast and an orange beak, as well as the colours yellow and orange, their backs are black and their breasts are crystal white. The juveniles are just black and grey just a tiny bit fluffy. The adult is up to 1.2 meters tall.

These penguins have adapted to belly skating, which they use when they are tired and they will use their claws to push them along the ice. They have also adapted to ‘flying’ in the water to catch their food but it isn’t as safe as they think it is. They  have also  adapted to incubate their eggs  and in order for  them to survive  the  juveniles need to keep warm and cosy. Male emperor penguins incubate their egg for several months, notwithstanding the fact that they have had  nothing to eat for most of the winter. They can camouflage with their bellies and backs; they have black backs so that when they are swimming from above  predators only see  the blackness and from below predators only see whiteness because it looks like the light from above. These flightless birds can hold their  breath for 15 minutes when catching their food.

These penguins eat squid and krill. Sometimes they have dive 600 meters to get their food. The juveniles don’t have this food yet – they get fed from the mother and the father from left-over food regurgitated  from their beaks, but soon after they do have squid and krill  from the ocean .

These flightless birds only have 3 predators but it is still very hard to survive. Their predators are: the leopard seal, giant petrels and Antarctica skuas. These   pesky predators are no strangers to these penguins.

There are only 600,000 penguins left in Antarctica. This is because of the matter of global warming which is making the world warmer. Scientists have worked out that if humans can’t find a way to make the world colder then penguins may become extinct in future.   If mankind can find a way to  protect our world, then these  penguins will carry on without worry for us and they will keep on finding  their food and doing their routine  of marching back and forwards  to their breeding grounds in their spectacular Antarctic home.

EMPEROR PENGUINS by Grace

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Emperor penguins are the largest of seventeen species of penguin. They live in one of harshest environments in the world – Antarctica.

Antarctica is a very cold place, with extreme temperatures, as low as -60c and wind speeds of up to 100 miles an hour.

Adult emperor penguins are 1.2 metres tall and have a distinctive orange blush on their cheek. One of their main features is their sleek, waterproof black back and white breast. They also have a flap of skin for incubating their single egg. Juveniles have a black head, a white face and a fluffy grey body. The adults are the biggest of the world’s seventeen species of penguin and are as tall as a 6-7 year old child.

Emperor penguins can stand extreme temperatures by eating lots of fish to make fat which warms them up. Also, they huddle together to keep themselves and their chicks warm. For camouflage from predators they have a black back and white breast so that when a predator in the water looks at them from above they will just see the black sea and when a predator looks at them from below, they will see the bright sky.

Emperor penguins eat squid, krill and fish. They can dive down in the ocean for 1600 feet and can hold their breath for fifteen minutes while hunting. Amazingly, male emperor penguins can go without food for up to 124 days while they incubate their eggs and rear their chicks. When the females go to hunt in the sea the males look after the egg for two months.

The threats to juvenile emperor penguins are giant petrels and Antarctica skuas. Adults emperor penguins are preyed upon by leopard seals (they are not as friendly as common seals, and they have yellow spots on their body). The killer whale is also a predator to emperors.

There are 600,000 emperor penguins in Antarctica, but global warming is threatening the environment of these fascinating birds.

Emperor Penguins by Freya

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Emperor penguins are the largest of all the penguins. They live on one of the coldest place on Earth.

Habitat

Emperors live on the snowy lands of Antarctica. They live on the frosty ice which melts in the summer. The temperatures reach exactly -60c.

Appearance

The emperors have black plumage on their backs and have a silky white breast also a yellow collar around their neck. They can reach 1.2 metres tall. However, juveniles are different to the adult emperors they have fluffy bodies a black mask around their face and then the rest is white they don’t have a yellow collar yet.

Adaptations

Emperor penguins have adapted to live in the cold and have adapted to other things including: they’re extraordinary swimmers and they’ve adapted to belly skate when tired. Amazingly, they go without any food for four months the emperors incubate their eggs for more than two months. They use their black plumage on their back and their white breast to camouflage in the water while in the Antarctic Ocean.

Diet/Hunting

Emperor penguins eat different types of fish such as: squid, krill and other small fish. The emperors get there food by diving 600 metres down and can hold their breath for 15 minutes.

Threats to survival

When storms come the emperor penguins only defence against the cold is huddling together. Sadly, some emperors fall asleep and disappear. In the ocean when they are feeding there are predators such as the leopard seal as well as the orcas. The leopard seal will eat juveniles and adults the orcas also eat the same. There are land predators such as the Antarctic skua which will eat their eggs and the juveniles another predator is the giant petrel which will eat the adults and the juveniles.

In the Antarctic there are approximately 600,000 penguins left this means they are not an endangered species. According to scientists the effect of global warming means that the animals habitats get destroyed by the warming of the globe.

Emperor penguin pair in courtship ritual with chick (Aptenodytes forsteri). Dawson-Lambton glacier, Weddell Sea, Antarctica (November)

Emperor Penguins by Mirta

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Emperor penguins are the largest of the seventeen penguin species and they live in the coldest and harshest of environment: the Antarctic.

The emperor penguins live in a harsh environment called Antarctica. The Antarctic has one of the most deadly winters on Earth. They have to survive there for their whole lives. Antarctica has 100mph winds and its temperature can plummet to around -60c. It is the coldest, driest and windiest continent on Earth.

Emperor penguins can be as tall as 1.2m in height when they reach adulthood. Juveniles have a fluffy coat of grey feathers while adults have a layer of white feathers on their front and black feathers on their back. On their head and neck they have an orange flash. Adult emperors can weigh 22-45kg.

The emperor penguin has adapted to the cold in many ways including: belly skating, huddling many more. They use belly skating for when they are tired and need to rest their feet so they slide on their stomachs to glide along the ground. They use huddling when they are cold so they huddle together in a ball shape. Emperor penguins can hold their breath for 15 minutes and can swim down to depth of 600m in order to catch their food.

Due to their swimming ability, emperors   are fearsome hunters. Emperors eat krill and squid and other small fishes. However, leopard seals giant petrel Antarctic skua and orcas (killer whales) prey on them.

There are approximately 600,000 emperor penguins currently living in Antarctica and they are not an endangered species at present. However, scientists think that global warming could reduce their numbers in the future.

By Mirta

Emperor penguin pair in courtship ritual with chick (Aptenodytes forsteri). Dawson-Lambton glacier, Weddell Sea, Antarctica (November)

Emperor Penguins by Evie

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Emperor penguins live in the Antarctic and are one of the only animals to stay there all year round.

The orange striped penguins live close to the Antarctic sea which is close to the food but they have 100 miles per hour wind to cope with so they have tough winters. It is very cold in the Antarctic it can get up to -60 degrees Celsius that most animals can’t survive.

Emperor penguins can be identified by their orange stripe on their bill. They also have a big flap of skin where they keep their egg for when they give birth. But like every penguin they have a white breast. However, juvenile have mostly grey plumage but also have white surrounding their eyes. These penguins are the largest of their specie at the total of 1.2 meters tall and weigh as much as 42KG.

In order for these penguins to live they need to adapt to the cold like they have , but they have also adapted to many more things such as swimming , the cold , how they incubate eggs  , camouflage to predators belly skating and much more.

Now the harshest thing is that their breading ground is seventy miles away from their home so every year they travel seventy miles to give birth. However, the male needs to eat so much food in the summer because they need to survive 125 days with no food so these penguins are very tough. When they get to the breeding ground and give birth the female is starving so she makes a journey back to the water leaving the male responsible for the juvenile for two months. However the ice is freezing over making the length of the walk longer.

These penguins already have a tough life but to make it harder they are prey to things such as leaped seal, Antarctic sukua and giant petrel. The male needs to survive for 125 days that is ruffle four months although the male has a pocket in his mouth full of food he is saving it for the juvenile. The dangerous thing about when they go hunting is that their predators are likely to show up making it even harder to survive.

The emperor penguins can’t survive with no food forever so they need to go hunting for things such as fish, squid and much more but in order to do that they need to hold their breath for a while and luckily they can in total they can hold their breath for up to 15 -20 minutes and they can swim up to four miles pare hour.

The emperor penguins are expected to breed on the ice but they don’t  but it is seventy miles away from their home :the reason why they do this is that if they breed on the ice is that when the water freezes and they breed the ice will melt in the summer and they will need to move and looking after the egg and moving is harder than you would expect .

Some fun facts about emperor penguins are that their summer starts in may because they’re in the southern hemisphere which is the over side of the world. When it gets cold they all huddle up in a pack and the penguin in the middle is the warmest because they’re all shearing body heat.

In the future it is likely that these penguins are going to be endangered in the cause of global warming so I hope you got inspired to look in to these penguins and stop global warming before these animals are extinct.

Emperor Penguins By Mason

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Please click on the link to view my writing:

Empero Penguins by Mason

The version below has been edited with Mr W

Emperor Penguins by Mason

Introduction

Emperor penguins are biggest of the seventeen species of penguins in the world.

Habitat                                                                                                                    

Antarctica is the coldest continent in the world and has one of the coldest sea. Winds can blow up to 100 miles per hour, nevertheless it is also a home and a breeding ground to one of the biggest penguin species in the world.

Appearance

Adult emperor penguins have beautiful yellow and orange on their face and neck. The have white plumage on their stomachs and black  plumage on their backs, although juveniles have grey stomachs and backs and fluffy plumage.  Adults  reach up to 1.2 meters tall (a size of a six-seven year old child) and they can weigh up to 45kg.

Adaptations

These flightless birds use their wings as flippers to dive deep into the depths of the dark, blue, polar sea. They have adapted to the cold and icy environment of Antarctica by huddling together in colonies. Male emperors are able to last for up to 120 days without food while they incubate their eggs and care for their chicks.

Threats to survival/ predators

Leopard seals and giant petrels hunt  emperor penguins. Leopard seals hunt emperors in the sea but they have a chance to escape because they can swim up to 4.7 miles per hour and are very agile in the water. Giant Petrels only eat juveniles because adult emperors are too large. Antarctic skuas will also attack juvenile penguins and will also eat penguin eggs. Orca Whales hunt juvenile and adults and sadly, many emperor penguins will not reach their first birthday.

Reproduction/ life cycle

To get to the breeding ground emperor penguins have to walk up to 80 kilometres. When they get there they have to find a mate. They will try to find the same mate as the previous year because they are monogamous. They breed in the Antarctic winter and sadly some eggs will freeze and the some unfortunate adults won’t get any juveniles that year. 

There are approximately 600,000 emperors in the world today but because of global warming scientist thing that there numbers may reduce by 2100 AD.