Emperor Penguins by Freya

Posted in Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Writing we do at school

Emperor penguins are the largest of all the penguins. They live on one of the coldest place on Earth.

Habitat

Emperors live on the snowy lands of Antarctica. They live on the frosty ice which melts in the summer. The temperatures reach exactly -60c.

Appearance

The emperors have black plumage on their backs and have a silky white breast also a yellow collar around their neck. They can reach 1.2 metres tall. However, juveniles are different to the adult emperors they have fluffy bodies a black mask around their face and then the rest is white they don’t have a yellow collar yet.

Adaptations

Emperor penguins have adapted to live in the cold and have adapted to other things including: they’re extraordinary swimmers and they’ve adapted to belly skate when tired. Amazingly, they go without any food for four months the emperors incubate their eggs for more than two months. They use their black plumage on their back and their white breast to camouflage in the water while in the Antarctic Ocean.

Diet/Hunting

Emperor penguins eat different types of fish such as: squid, krill and other small fish. The emperors get there food by diving 600 metres down and can hold their breath for 15 minutes.

Threats to survival

When storms come the emperor penguins only defence against the cold is huddling together. Sadly, some emperors fall asleep and disappear. In the ocean when they are feeding there are predators such as the leopard seal as well as the orcas. The leopard seal will eat juveniles and adults the orcas also eat the same. There are land predators such as the Antarctic skua which will eat their eggs and the juveniles another predator is the giant petrel which will eat the adults and the juveniles.

In the Antarctic there are approximately 600,000 penguins left this means they are not an endangered species. According to scientists the effect of global warming means that the animals habitats get destroyed by the warming of the globe.

Emperor penguin pair in courtship ritual with chick (Aptenodytes forsteri). Dawson-Lambton glacier, Weddell Sea, Antarctica (November)