Posted in Biographical Writing, Frozen, Non-chronological reports, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

Shackleton’s Antarctic Expedition

Ernest Shackleton’s Trans-Antarctica expedition of 1914 – 1917 is one of the most remembered expeditions ever taken place in Antarctica. He sent out invitations for the task and the invitation said this “Men Wanted: For Hazardous Journey. Small Wags, Bitter Cold, Long Months of Complete Darkness, Constant Danger, and Safe Return Doubtful. Honour and recognition in case of success.

– SIR ERNEST SHACKLETON”

The intention was to cross the Antarctic continent from one coast to the other via the South Pole. On the expedition they didn’t even step foot on land as they were trapped in the ice. The name of the boat was the ‘Endurance’ because of their family motto which was ‘By Endurance we Conquer’ they had been on the ice for a long time trying to free themselves from their trapped home. Eventually they broke free and went full steam ahead but again they were imprisoned and finally they were called to pack on the ice and they called the camp ‘Patience Camp’ while they abandoned there ship and for hours they watched the Endurance slowly sink ever so slowly. They made it home successfully because Shackleton and 4 others went to get help from South Georgia which was extremely hard because of harsh conditions and climbing difficulties especially with only a piece of rope and a few screws but they did it and they got a whaling ship to rescue the crew. When they got home WW1 was starting and half the crew had to participate. They are remembered for their bravery and courage. And just to show how hard it was professional climbers tried to climb the mountains on South Georgia and even they struggled with professional gear like Crampons, Hand Grips and tents.

This is a timetable of the Endurance:

03 Aug 1914: World War I breaks out

08 Aug 1914: Endurance leaves Britain

05 Dec 1914: Leave South Georgia Island

18 Jan 1915: Enter pack ice, immoveable

24 Feb 1915: Ship routine ceased

25 Oct 1915 Ship cracks under pressure of ice, takes on water, abandoned by crew.

21 Nov 1915: Ship sinks

Mar 1916: Attempts to move camp failed

09 Apr 1916: Set off on foot

18 Apr 1916: Arrived at Elephant Island

24 Apr 1916: Five leave on lifeboat to seek help

09 May 1916 Arrives at South Georgia

30 Aug 1916 Crew rescued on fourth attempt

Ernest Shackleton’s Biography

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic. He was sent home early due to bad health. Devoted to creating a legacy, he led the Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Disaster struck when his ship, the Endurance, was crushed by ice. He and his crew drifted on sheets of ice for months until they reached Elephant Island. Shackleton eventually rescued his crew, all of whom survived the ordeal. He later died while setting out on another Antarctic expedition.

Early Career

Explorer Ernest Henry Shackleton was born February 15, 1874, in County Kildare, Ireland, to Anglo-Irish parents. The second of 10 children and oldest son, he was raised in London, where his family moved when Shackleton was a young boy. Despite the urging of his father that he follow in his footsteps and go to medical school, the 16-year-old Shackleton joined the merchant navy, achieving the rank of first mate by the age of 18, and becoming a certified master mariner six years later. Upon his return to England Shackleton pursued a career in journalism. Later he was tapped to be secretary to the Scottish Geographical Society. He also made an unsuccessful attempt at becoming a Member of Parliament.

The Crew and their Jobs

Bakewell, William – Able Seaman
Blackborow, Percy – Stowaway (later steward)
Cheetham, Alfred – Third Officer
Clark, Robert S. – Biologist
Crean, Thomas – Second Officer
Green, Charles J. – Cook
Greenstreet, Lionel – First Officer
Holness, Ernest – Fireman/stoker
How, Walter E. – Able Seaman
Hudson, Hubert T. – Navigator
Hurley, James Francis (Frank) – Official Photographer
Hussey, Leonard D. A. – Meteorologist
James, Reginald W. – Physicist
Kerr, A. J. – Second Engineer Macklin.     Dr. Alexander H. – SurgeonMarston,

George E. – Official Artist
McCarthy, Timothy – Able Seaman
McIlroy, Dr. James A. – Surgeon
McLeod, Thomas – Able Seaman
McNish, Henry – Carpenter
Orde-Lees, Thomas  – Motor Expert and Storekeeper
Rickinson, Lewis – First Engineer
Shackleton, Ernest H. – Expedition Leader
Stephenson, William – Fireman/stoker
Vincent, John – Able Seaman
Wild, Frank – Second in Command
Wordie, James M. – Geologist
Worsley, Frank – Captain

Frank Worsley=  Eccentric and indispensable to the expedition, Worsley’s uncanny navigational skills could hit small islands at hundreds of miles range with only occasional readings, the minimum of instruments and in the worst possible conditions.

Lionel Greenstreet=  First Officer = Lionel Greenstreet served in the merchant navy and joined the Endurance just 24 hours before it left Plymouth, England. The original first officer had resigned in order to join the war effort (1st world war).

Hubert Hudson = The best penguin catcher a skill of great value during the time that the crew drifted on the pack-ice of the Weddell Sea and while awaiting rescue on Elephant Island. Hudson suffered particularly badly from ill health in the boats before Elephant Island and also when waiting for rescue. His first name is correctly spelled Huberht the old Anglo-Saxon way, rather than the more common Hubert.

Thomas Crean = An experienced seaman and highly respected Antarctic hand. Rather gruff in the way he dealt with the world, Crean was nonetheless effective and another of the unsung heroes of the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration. He served both Scott and Shackleton and outlived them both.

Other Notable and Interesting Antarctic Expeditions

Ross Expedition

Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration

Amundsen’s South Pole Expedition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trapped by Jake

Posted in Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

Frank Hurley 18.01.1915

Yesterday, Shackleton ordered the engines to be cut to save fuel and declared that we would winter on the pack. So we started to haul ice onto the Endurance to melt for water. To our surprise one of the dogs had a litter of pups on the ice and we thought if they could survive we could as well. We were going to be imprisoned in the ice for four months.

 

Image result for the endurance crushed

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

 

2nd February 1916:

We have been at our new camp now for about a month and all the men are beginning to get use to their jobs. Every day around ten of us go out hunting for penguins and seals and then we cook there blubber and meat.  Just to our luck the other day a leopard seal attacked Hurley but Wild quickly shot it dead and when we went to cook it we found undigested fish inside. Everyone else except me and captain Worsley (who guard the camp) go and collect ice to melt for drinking water.

We are always hungry because food is rationed, supplies are low and running out. Sometimes I dream about what delicious food I will eat if we make it back. So that Charles still had a kitchen the crew and I made him a cooking igloo and he is working quite well even though it is small inside. When we first got here a couple unlucky penguins waddled into camp and were very quickly shot, cooked and eaten but they have now learned not to come here.

Last night I danced with Worsley to give the crew a laugh even though I did not really enjoy it. Every evening Hussy plays his banjo and sometimes we sing a song or dance. During the day we have sled dog races for our fun and the dogs exercise. We also read the Encyclopaedia Britannica and then quiz each other on the smallest details.

The weather is the worst I will ever experience because our gear is always wet and we go to bed every night cold and wake up every morning tired after having no sleep the night before. We are all worried about frostbite and just to his bad luck the other day the stow away Percy Blackborrow got exactly this. The blizzards are horrible because you always think the tents will blow away. The tents we have are different to normal ones to keep out the blizzards (not that they are any warmer). They have flaps over the door like a tunnel and once you crawl through it falls down. I need to get some rest now and hope the ice breaks soon so we can go home.

 

 

By Jowan (E. Shackleton)

Shackleton diary entry five by Nayte

Posted in Writing we do at school

Diary entry five

October 27 1915

 Our ships carpenter ( Harry Mc Nish) has built a ritz for us to stay in after we’ve had our tea. It was worth the wait. I could’nt believe how it looked it was phenominal but the problem was we had to wait for three days for him to build. While he was building that me and the crew were playing soccer, tag and catch the dog. Sue had four pups that started wondering round and a couple moments later they found an ice cave.

Pastience Camp By Mason

Posted in Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

4th March 1916:

I, Frank Hurly, have been part of the expedition on The Endurance but unfortunately, she got trapped and fell apart so we had to camp on the ice pack. We called it Patience Camp. The Endurance was our home for 365 days and now she’s gone. The camp was fun because Ernest Shackleton and Frank Worsly (the ship’s captain) danced with The Boss. We have been there for three months and a half. It was fun. I don’t want to leave because I’m sad.

We found a Leopard Seal with undigested fish in it thankfully and it was so much more food for the crew. Hussy was playing his banjo before we go sleep. We played football while I was taking photos of them play. We had a dog sledge race (I was obviously taking photos). We had a worse singing completion and Shackleton won hands down. Nevertheless, I was taking photos of the beautiful view of Antarctica.

The weather was torturous because the blizzards were terrible. I got no sleep because the storms were torturous winds and storm. Two people got frost bite so we had to amputate it ourselves. They didn’t get heart thankfully.

We took some of the ships wood for fire and to cook some food. Charles Green (the ships cook) his food was really lovely. We ate penguin blubber and seal blubber because it was so delicious food I could eat it for ever; it was so nice.

I enjoyed hunting for seals and penguins a lot so we hacked at the ice to worm in into water to drink. Feeding the dogs was so hard because they were so hipper and jumpy. They were in my face. I fighted one of the dogs took me down somehow.

Hopefully, we can go back home because I miss my home and my family. WE ARE DOOMED!  I had so much fun at the camp like the best games in the world because it was brilliant. We read stories and sang sea shanties. My favourite thing to do night to except listen to the banjo that Hussey played. He is brilliant at it because he is a natural at the banjo.

Patience Camp Shackleton by Sam

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

30th December 1915

Patience Camp

We have been at this place for six days; and we are naming it Patience Camp because we are waiting for the ice to the ice to melt. We are all really hungry because we have not eaten for a day or two. It is really hard to settle in when its winter because the tents are really cold inside.

It is really hard to hunt for food because there are blizzards everywhere. The foods that we eat taste fishy because we eat penguins and seals. We are always hungry because we don’t get much food to eat but back at home I can walk to the cold room to grab anything.  The other day we killed a leopard seal and we found some un- digested fish. What we normally do is simple we cut the blubber off the seal/penguin then we eat at breakfast, dinner and supper.

What we do for entertainment is really fun because we like to do sport like: Soccer, sled-dog races and human running races. Every night we dance me and Hurley did a dance in front of the team which was really cheering me up from the endurance. Another thing we like to do is read which is encyclopedia really good because it tells me facts. I really like it when the dogs jump at me because it’s a sign that they like me. We also have entertainment for dogs to we take them for walks and play fetch with any sticks we find. We like it when Hussy plays his annoying banjo it’s really relaxing. When we play soccer we normally play a two vs two me and Hurley vs Hussy Charles Green.

Weather at patience camp can get very powerful when we do our jobs there is normally a blizzard. We don’t get that much sleep because it’s very cold in a tent. In my garden when I go camping it is shivery but the Antarctic is so blizzardy. Some of the team have had frostbite which is really bad because it leads to having a finger chopped off or a finger dropping off.

Everyone has a job to do which is really hard work. Some of us haul ice from the floor and melt it for drinking water. We also hunt for food with guns its takes lots of time to get an animal killed. Sometimes we like to hunt for a while to hopefully get more food. We get our best men at shooting to do the job. These are the jobs that we do: hunting, hauling ice and melting ice for water.

Now I have got to go and help put up a tent that fell down.

 

Shackleton journey to South Georgia By Nayte

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

26 October 1914

Leaving Buenos Aires

My name is Ernest Shackleton and this is my diary all about my journey across Antarctica.Me and my crew left Buenos Aires then we saw many things like crowds cheering, people waving, dogs barking and of course other boats. On the ship we were waiting for one of the Naval Ships to send us a message saying proceed. After 10 minutes of waiting we saw a Naval Ship outside of the bay looking if there were any dangerous animals so they finally sent us a message saying proceed so we left to sail to South Georgia sorry I have to go now since I need to help out on the ship someone is being sick bye.

 Image result for Endurance ship in color

The Slender by Beau

Posted in Writing we do at school

One, day me and my friends were looking for a creature we have never seen before for our school project. It was haloween on that day so we were not looking forward too it. We were looking for our friend who was looking for something in the woods so we tried to find him. We found him lying down and bleeding so we took him home but the door was locked so we tried to bash the door down but it didn’t work so we had to lay there for the night. That morning we all woke up and we saw nothing and then we blinked and there lay a man with a dark suit with an evil grin I managed to take a photo and he looked like this. The EndImage result for slender man

Shakleton’s diary entery 1 Leaving Buenos Aires by Jowan

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

26th October 1914:

Today we left the busy port at Buenos Aires to the small island of South Georgia. As we left all the people that turned up to see us leave was increadible. The weather was perfect, calm water and shining sun. Much of what I could hear was the continuous bark of our 69 Canadian sledge dogs and cheers from the crowd; I could faintly hear the music from the band. When The Endurance had been turned and we started heading away from the crowd, we could see many masts from the boats and I could hear Frank Worsley, the captain I chose, shouting orders left, right and centre and the crew who were now runing around like busy bees. Even though all this work was going on Frank Hurley, our photographer, was doing everthing in hiis power to get the perfect shot. Now we must get on with this expedition and also have a safe journey to South Georgia. It was hard to leave my family but that is what Ihave t do to complete my dream.

Shackleton’s Diary Entry-Leaving Buenos Aires

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

26th October 1914

We have left Buenos Aires.The cheer and roar of the crowds has imprinted a memory in my mind that shall last forever-and there will be many more from our adventure when I, Ernest Shackleton shall conquer Antarctica (or at least hope to ). As the Endurance speeds onward,dogs bark and Captain Wild is yelling orders. Frank Hurley has shimmed up the rigging to get photos- although there isn’t much but sun and sea.When we set out the weather was amazing but its worsening as dark clouds cover the sky like a rug over a floor. Charles Green (the ship’s cook) is preparing a wonderful dinner while Thomas- Ordee- Leeis petting Sue the dog. The ship is creaking and groaning and the steam means I can’t see anything(although Ican smell dog poo) as we sail towards our destiiny

A Book Review on Skellig by Theo

Posted in Writing we do at school

Book:Skellig

Author: David Almond

Star Rating: *****/***** 5/5

Encourage readers of yers 7-15.

Main Characters: Michael, Mina, Skellig, The Baby, Michaels dad,Michaels Mum, Minas Mum,Leaky and Koot.

The story is about a man called Skellig and a boy called Michael. He moves into a new, dirty old house. When Michael moved in he met an old man in the garage just waiting to die. Michael asked him if ge wanted abything but all he said was 27 and 53.

Shackletons Recruitment Advertisement by Sam

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

Do you want to help me set sail for 1500 miles on the Antarctic? Im looking for tough men who aren’t afraid of ice. I will give you some clothing to keep you warm. I’ll also need some people who can fix the ship and vet the dogs and also someone to keep us healthy. This is for brave/adventurous people. You have to be eighteen or over to join me. So please join me on my Inperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition.

 

Buenos Aires by Beau

Posted in Frozen, Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure, Writing we do at school

Leaving Buenos Aires,

26th October 1914,

I, Frank Hurley am taking part in the wobnderful Enduarance expedition. Today we set of for South Georgia and there is still a long time before we arrive. I did the best I could do get this shot, of the crowd; there were cheers and crying smell of the 69 dogs really put me off. I could see my family waving but that didnt stop me from taking the photo for the papers. A few hours ago the Captain was yelling lots of orders and I climbed up the mast the get a photo of a whale.